Our Riga Travel Essentials lays out the essential information you need to help planning your trip to the capital city of Latvia. No matter how frequently you travel, some questions will always need answers: What’s the weather like? How can I get from the airport to my hotel? What currency and type of plug do I need? We have all these answers plus other basic info about the best time to go, getting there, getting around, and a few useful travel tips. 

It’s all compiled in this Riga Travel Essentials. After reading this short and easy-to-read guide, you will be a little more prepared to start your trip in Riga.

  • When is the best time to travel to Riga?

    When is the best time to travel to Riga?

    Riga has a humid continental climate, with average temperatures ranging from -5°C in winter to 17°C in summer. 

    • The rainiest time of the year is between October and March, with an average of 19 rainy days per month. Even during the warmest time of the year, in June–August, you can expect a dozen rainy days per month. 
    • Snowfall can be expected between November and March. 
    • July–August is the most popular time to visit Riga, but it’s the peak season, so hotel and flight prices rise accordingly. 
    • May–June and September–October are also great times to visit Riga. The weather and temperatures are decent, you’ll avoid the summer crowds, and hotel and flight prices are lower.
  • Riga basics

    Riga basics
    • Languages: Primary: Latvian; Secondary: Russian; English is fairly widely spoken in the tourism industry 
    • Plug types: C and F 
    • Electricity: 230 V 
    • Currency: Euro (€) 
    • International dialling codes: +371 34 
    • Emergency telephone number: 112
  • How to get to my hotel in Riga?

    How to get to my hotel in Riga?

    Riga International Airport 

    Riga International Airport is one of the busiest airports in Latvia and one of the largest airports in the Baltic states. It sits 8 km east-southeast of Riga city centre and has no less than 3 passenger terminals, all served by just 1 runway. The terminals are home to a decent choice of dining and shopping options, as well as facilities including free Wi-Fi, banking and currency exchange services. There are several transfer options to help you reach Downtown Riga: 

    • A taxicab takes around 15–20 minutes. Taxi ranks can be found right outside the Arrivals hall.
    • You can also use the Taxify app to get transferred from Riga Airport.
    • Bus line 22 or minibus line 322 take 20–25 minutes. There are ticket vending machines at the bus stops outside each terminal. Cheap and fairly fast, it’s a convenient way to get to central Riga if you’re on a budget.
    • Car rental agencies can be found in each terminal.

    photo by Avio2016 (CC BY-SA 4.0) modified

  • How to get around Riga?

    Travel tips

    How to get around Riga?

    Covering less than 2 sq km, Riga city centre – the Old Town – is compact enough to be explored on foot. You’ll find many landmarks and attractions within walking distance of each other, such as the Jugenda Stila Nami, Alberta Street, and the Latvian National Opera, just to name a few. The city centre also hosts a great choice of dining, shopping and nightlife entertainment options. For longer journeys, Riga has a good choice of public and private transport services.

  • Rīgas Satiksme – public transport networks

    Rīgas Satiksme – public transport networks

    Run by the municipality, Rīgas Satiksme is in charge of public transport in the capital city of Latvia. It operates bus, trolleybus, and tram networks that efficiently cover the entire city. All of them use an integrated ticketing system. 

    • Get a rechargeable ticket. The 2 most popular types available are the non-personalised and the yellow e-tickets. The former is a plastic card and the latter a simpler cardboard ticket with an electronic strip. They make transportation around the city easy.
    • Single ride and 1-day tickets are also available.
    • Cards and tickets can be purchased at vending machines in tram and bus stations and in various designated stores across the city.

    photo by Jindřich Běťák (CC BY-SA 3.0) modified

  • Riga Pass

    Riga Pass

    Purchasing a Riga Pass is a good move if you plan to visit the city’s main places of interest during a short stay in the capital city of Latvia. Valid for 24, 48 or 72 hours, it gives you unlimited use of public transport plus a free hop-on hop-off bus tour, a free guided tour of the Old Town, and free entry or discounts at over 20 participating shops, restaurants and museums. They can be purchased at the Riga Tourist Information Centre in the Town Hall Square in Riga Old Town.

  • Taking a taxi

    Taking a taxi

    Taxis can be hailed on the street in Riga and there are plenty of cab stands in the city centre, generally outside hotels and near the main attractions. It’s best to use only licenced taxis, which can be recognised by their yellow plate. It’s maybe stating the obvious, but always check that the meter is on. 

    • You can directly call popular companies such as Baltic Taxi (20 008 500), Red Cab (60 008 383) or Avoiss Taxi (25 544 555), just to name a few.
    • Each taxi company has different prices in Riga.
    • Taxis usually accept the payment of the fare by credit card, but it’s better to ask the driver before you get in.
    • It’s common to give a 10-15% tip to the taxi driver.

    photo by karel291 (CC BY 3.0) modified

  • Cycle around Riga with Sixt Rent a Bike

    Cycle around Riga with Sixt Rent a Bike

    Riga has a bike sharing scheme run by Sixt Rent a Bike. It has about a dozen docking stations across the city. You just need to download the Nextbike app onto your smartphone and register an account. After that, you can use a bike for 30 minutes for free. You save some money if you rent a bike for 24 hours.

  • What are the main annual events in Riga?

    What are the main annual events in Riga?

    Medieval Day at Cēsis Castle

    • What: Step back into the Middle Ages at this popular event featuring demonstrations of combat, craftmanship, medieval food and music.
    • When: August
    • Where: Cēsis Castle

    Song and Dance Festival

    • What: Held once every 5 years since 1873, the Song and Dance Festival showcases Latvian choral music and folk dance. Expect a busy cultural event with local costumes and plenty of local food.
    • When: Summer every 5 years
    • Where: Mezaparks

    Christmas markets

    • What: Christmas markets are a very old tradition in Riga. Held in the main squares of the Old Town, they bring gingerbread and mulled wine, beautifully illuminated stalls and plenty of gifts for sale.
    • When: December–January
    • Where: Doma laukums, Līvu laukums and Esplenāde Park